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Career and Technical Education: Five Ways That Pay Along the Way to the B.A.

This report details the 29 million “middle jobs” – jobs that pay middle class wages for workers without a four-year degree and the five major pathways that lead to those jobs.

Getting a Bachelor’s degree is the best way for most workers to make middle-class wages. In this report, however, we show there are 29 million jobs (21% of all jobs) for workers without Bachelor’s degrees. The report also details five major sub-baccalaureate, career and technical education (CTE) pathways: employer-based training, industry-based certifications, apprenticeships, postsecondary certificates, and associate’s degrees.

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    The United States invests roughly $1.4 trillion in human capital development each year. national spending on the five CTe pathways totals $524 billion annually.

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    The united states is ranked second internationally in baccalaureate attainment, but ranks 16th in sub-baccalaureate (CTe) attainment

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    There are 29 million “middle jobs” in the united states that pay $35,000 or more on average and don’t require a Bachelor’s degree.

Career and Technical Education Presentation

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Our research on skills connects 21st century competencies with education, training, and applied learning pathways.

Learn More